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Thursday, October 19, 2017

New Tiryns

Nea Tiryns is built on a rocky hill, the ancient acropolis of Tiryns, one of the most important Mycenaean cities, which connected its name with the mythical circle of Hercules.

The city was founded by the hero Tiryns, son of Argos and grandson of Zeus, who, according to mythology, built the impenetrable walls with the help of the Cyclops.Nea Tiryns is built on a rocky hill, the ancient acropolis of Tiryns, one of the most important Mycenaean cities, which connected its name with the mythical circle of Hercules. The city was founded by the hero Tiryns, son of Argos and grandson of Zeus, who, according to mythology, built the impenetrable walls with the help of the Cyclops.

Ancient Tiryns is a naturally fortified site and controls a large area of ​​the plain as well as important crossings to Argos, Mycenae, Nafplio and Epidavros.

Despite different views on its use, it can be interpreted as an area that functions as an administrative center. However, the great prosperity of Tiryns is connected with the Mycenaean era.

It consists of two central buildings and houses founded in the southern part of the hill, the so-called Upper Acropolis, and is then surrounded by the first fortification that has a gate to the east.

At the same time, the northern, lower part of the hill, the Lower Acropolis, is fortified for the first time and the palace is repaired on the Upper Acropolis. At the end of this period, the buildings of the Lower Acropolis are destroyed by an earthquake and the palace by a fire.

In the 13th century BC The fortification takes its final form. The walls surround the entire hill and create a single fortification that follows the natural terrain.

On the northwest side there are two accesses that lead to the underground water springs outside the Acropolis, the so-called "Tranghes".

On the south-east of the upper Acropolis there are so-called "Galleries", narrow corridors with arched roof leading to square walls of the wall.

Inside the "cyclopean" walls other than the reception buildings there were complexes used for administrative and ritual functions, for storage and workshops, while a limited number of buildings were used as residences of upper class members.

New Tiryns belongs to the municipal section of Nea Tiryntha of the Municipality of Nafplio and appears under the name of Nea Tiryntha and according to the 2001 census it has 2055 inhabitants.

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